Logs Self-Sufficient Rate Will Increases 3% in 5 Years in Taiwan

Taiwan's timber self-sufficiency rate is less than 1%. Up to 99% depends on imports. Jun-Cheng Lin, head of economy group of Forestry Research Institution, said that the restrictions on export of logs have become international trends. From 2003 to 2014, Taiwan's regulated products exports to the United States, the European Union and Australia and regions are worthed NT$ 70-90 billion, accounting for 11.71 ~ 13.75% of the total export value of native timber and forest products. Taiwan should build response strategies earlier before the regulation bring significant impact on the industry.

LOGS Self-Sufficient Rate Will Increases 3% in 5 Years in Taiwan

In order to enhance the self-sufficiency rate of Taiwan's native timber, the relevant units have already taken actions. Forest Bureau begins to cut off trees with poor health in plan. The goal is to increase self-sufficiency rate of native timber from 0.5% to 3% within five years. The harvest of state-owned forest land this year will start with "cryptomeria", which has the largest portion in Taiwan. It is estimated that there will be 150,000 cubic meters of wood in 2020, raising native timber self-sufficiency rate to 1%.

The Forest Bureau is launching the "Forestry Economic Revitalization Plan", the demand side is expected to be established by the end of this year. In June next year, the supply side will be completed. In the future, state-owned plantation will take thinning or selection cutting in small scale. On the base of forest health, thinning of the trees is for industrial economic use.

Lin said that the Council of Agriculture Executive Yuang (COA) has also decided to rejuvenate forestry. It’s their first time to subsidize and get involved in forest industry management, resorting to a number of new forestry policies. In addition, the Forest Service will complete the "Good Productive Standard for Agricultural Products in Taiwan". If forest cooperatives require to purchase forestry equipment such as skidder and jaw crusher, or to apply for domestic bamboo timber certification, it is available to apply 50% subsidy from Forest Bureau. The maximum subsidy of each forestry production equipment is 3 million NT Dollars, hoping to help Taiwan's forestry industry to move towards the goal of "sustainable development".

Today, there are 80% of the manufacturers producing "wood products and wood products for construction", accounting for 75% of the total domestic demand. "Template" and "wooden floor, wall panels" have the largest portions, which take 31% and 21% of total consumption.

Jun-Cheng Li said, in order to overcome the difficulties faced in manufacturing industry and market supply, Forest Bureau has taken several important actions. First, build five “industry cluster” and establish a "regional forest management plan" to increase the scale of forest operation; Continue to investigate “the amount of timber available in the country within the region" to understand the needs of domestic consumption, then stably supplying domestic products; Review “regional timber processing and circulation" to reduce the cost of timber production.

Ying-Lun Xiao, deputy director of Dongshih Forest Management Office, said, to have a good development of Taiwan's forest industry, our foundation should have sustainable development of state-owned plantation. The management office cooperates with the development of the current forest industry and is implemented in different ways. After 1990, the ecological protection was the priority. At the end of 1990’s, we focused more on classification, zoning business to improve the self-sufficiency rate of native timber, to enhance the use of multi-industry goals.

Xiao indicated that the forest area managed by the Dongshih Forest Management Office is about 140,000 hectares, of which 15% is their total forest management area. The main coniferous forests include Taiwan cypress,Thuja plicata, Taiwania cryptomerioides, cedar, Pinus taiwanensis and so on. The main broad-leaved trees are based on Taiwan Zelkova, camphor tree, paulownia, tung tree and acacia trees.

To achieve sustainable management of plantation, Dongshih Forest Cultural Park plans to carry out pruning, tending, thinning, tea reforestation and other plans.