Ecological Functions of Bamboo

/ by Mr. Wang Ying-shen

Bamboo belongs to the Poaceae (or Gramineae) family under the monocotyledons group of which most members have one cotyledon, or embryonic leaf, in their seeds. Grown bamboo has culms hardened as xylem which can be processed for economic use. Culms, referring to the hollow stems with nodes, are composed of vascular bundles which make culms look straight, but resilient in nature. (photos 1-1 and 1-2) Lack of structure for making secondary growth makes bamboo grow most in height with little girth. Grown bamboo isn't much wider than little shoots in girth because bamboo's growth is focused on lengthening of vertical cells rather than cell proliferation. Most bamboo cells are vertical and few are horizontal. So, bamboo is vulnerable to lateral "chopping" action Comparatively, “easy processing” is one of bamboo's advantages.

- Structural traits
- Growing environment
- Growth habits
- Full application
- Cultural significance
- Ecological functions
- Conclusion

-Translated from the TFMA (Taiwan Furniture Manufacturers' Association) 2010 Directory
- This article is published in WFD 309 issue. For complete article, please contact us for information. Thank you.
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